Initially the diagnosis of a disability can be upsetting to a child and his/her family, but it’s actually the first step in getting the student specific academic supports. Once a disability is determined, parents should pursue a 504 or IEP that contains accommodations, modifications and services specific to the child and the child’s disability.

Learning Disabilities

Learning disabilities are problems that affect the brain’s ability to receive, process, analyze, store or recall information. While a student with a learning disability may learn at a slower pace than someone without, having a learning disability has nothing to do with his/her intelligence. Read More


A student with Dyslexia, a language-based disability, has trouble processing words. He/she could face difficulty with reading, spelling, writing, pronouncing words and even expressing herself/himself verbally. Read More


Students with ADHD often have a hard time focusing and are easily distracted. They may be very active and/or have difficulty controlling their own impulses. Read More


Autism is usually referred to as occurring on a “spectrum.” Students falling on this spectrum are often characterized by varying degrees of social impairments, communication difficulties, and restricted repetitive patterns of behavior. It has been estimated that one in every 110 children is diagnosed with autism. Read More

Down Syndrome

More than 545,000 students (ages 6-21) have some level of intellectual disability and receive special education services in public schools under federal special education law (The Arc. (2009). Introduction to intellectual disabilities).Read More

Emotional Disabilities

Students with a wide range of emotional difficulties can be qualified for SPED services in this category. Emotional disabilities include, but are not limited to: depression, oppositional defiance disorder, anxiety disorder, bipolar or manic-depression, conduct disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder and/or psychotic disorders. Read More

Traumatic Brain Injury

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is an injury acquired when trauma causes damage to the brian. Symptoms of TBI can range from mild to severe, depending on the extent of damage the brain suffers. Read More

Multiple Disabilities

This category is reserved for students who have two or more of the 13 disabilities recognized in the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (see Help for Special Needs page).Read More